Short history of the Scout Movement in Germany

In 1909, the first Scout groups in Germany were founded, in the following years the Scout organisations started to build up. They adopted a lot of traditions of the "Bündische Jugend", a movement of youth in the beginning of the 20th century (with somehow "revolutionary" new ideas about what youth could do) and the YMCA movement. Traditionally, there are three different types of scout organisations: a interdenominational organisation, a catholic organisation (Scouts of St. Georg) and a protestant organisation; of course in the early years separated for both, girls and boys.
From 1933-1945 the Scout Organisations were forbidden by the Hitler regime (Nationalsocialism). After the Second World War the Associations were built up again.
At the end of the 1960s and early 1970s the coeducational work began and the associations of the girl guides and the boy scouts of each tradition joined; so there are at the moment four scout associations belonging to the WOSM and/or WAGGGS, respectively: They all have their own traditions, but are widely cooperating and open for everybody.
In Germany there are also several small scout associations not belonging to the World Organisations with together about 30000 members, they sometimes have very special interests and traditions.

Last changes: 2.10.2011